Date updated: 12 01 2018
Ready to meet the fluffy toy breed with a huge personality? Wrapped up in all that fur with a sweet teddy bear face, Pomeranians are used to turning heads wherever they go. But behind all that fur there’s a smart and friendly little dog that's more than willing to find their place in a wide range of home environments…
Average lifespan: 12 to 16 years
Weight: Males: 1.8 to 2.0 kg, Females: 2 to 2.5 kg
Height (Males and Females): 13 to 28 cm
Colouring: A wide range, including white, black, brown, tan and orange
Grooming requirements: moderate
Average purchase cost: Around £1,200 for a registered pup
If you’re looking for a devoted little dog who’s low maintenance on the exercise front, the Pomeranian can fit the bill perfectly. Their size means that they can also settle in nicely in smaller homes and flats.
Although curious and playful, Pomeranians can be possessive (especially when it comes to their toys and doggy bowl!). They can also get a little distressed if other people or animals are getting lots of attention. This means they’re not exactly a first choice for young families. That said, they can usually make friends with older children easily, providing the kids know how to respect their boundaries.
Pomeranian training and behaviour
Pomeranians are savvy enough to take on board basic training but here’s the flipside: they’re also smart enough to give you the complete runaround if they think they can get away with it! Positive reinforcement is the way forward for teaching your Pom basic puppy commands such as Sit, Stay, Down, Leave it and Bed. The aim is to show them who’s in charge - without scaring them or making them nervous.
These guys also have a tendency to bark if someone’s at the door - or even if something interesting catches their eye out of the window. If you’re looking for a strong, silent type of dog, the Pom probably isn’t for you. That said, there are certain strategies you can follow to turn down the volume a little, and our guide on how to stop dog barking is definitely worth a look!
With a toy dog like this, it can sometimes be really hard not to mollycoddle them, to just scoop them up and carry them around; trouble is, this can cause a Pomeranian to become highly strung and a lot more nervous around other people and animals. For a confident, chilled pup, it’s better to have your Pom walking on a leash than inside a carry bag.
How to look after your Pomeranian
Exercise-wise, a fully grown Pom usually needs no more than 30 minutes walking each day split between a morning and evening walk; with much younger and older dogs the recommended exercise dose is likely to be lower. Overdoing it can put pressure on your buddy’s joints and bones, so always follow the specific exercise advice of your vet.
Likewise, it’s important to follow the vet’s instructions on both the volume and the type of feed to give to your Pomeranian. Rather than gulping it down in two fixed meal sittings, these guys sometimes like to nibble a little at a time. This is usually fine, so long as you keep track of how much they are eating in total - and have a word with the vet in the event of weight loss or loss of appetite.
Some surprising news on the grooming front: Pomeranians look like hard work, but really they don’t need much hands-on maintenance. Brush their coat twice a week and this serves to spread their natural oils, keeping the coat nice and shiny. It will also help to pick up loose hair, resulting in fewer hairs to pick up from your furniture and floors.
Baths are on an “as and when” basis, when the coat looks obviously dirty or when there’s a slight smell. For some Poms this might be once a week or so; others a month or more! If the coat looks in bad condition very soon after a bath, it could be a sign of an underlying health problem, so it’s worth checking it out with the vet.
Teeth brushing twice a week helps to prevent dental problems later in life (for more on this, check out our guide). Ears and the area around the eyes should be cleansed with a cotton bud once a week and checked for signs of infection. Nails generally need trimming around once a month.
Common Pomeranian health problems...